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# Cherry Pickup II

Created
2022/01/08 13:55
문제 번호
1463
카테고리
Array
Dynamic Programming
Matrix

### Code

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// 1463. Cherry Pickup II // // https://leetcode.com/problems/cherry-pickup-ii/ // There are two robots which are collecting cherries from the given grid. // A robot is on the (0, 0), and another robot is on the (0, cols - 1). // Robot can move toward the left bottom, toward bottom, right bottom. // max function finds the maximum value among the inputs. func max(input ...int) int { val := -int(^uint(0)>>1) - 1 for _, i := range input { if val < i { val = i } } return val } // cherryPickup function calculates the maximum cherries that can be collected. // Let's define the coordinate of rows is x, the coordinate of cols is y. // Pretend that the 3 Dimensional Slices DP[a][b][c] is the memoization of robot's move. // Robot 1's coordinate is (a, b) and Robot 2's coordinate is (a, c). // Then the DP[a][b][c] is the maximum value of collected cherries on that coordinates. // All of the value in the DP are -1 when they are initialized. // The spaces for the y have been created 2 tiles more than orignal because of robots move. Thus, the range of y is 1 to cols. (The range of x are as same as the original, so 0 to rows - 1.) // The first rows of DP can be calculated with (0, 0) and (0, cols - 1). Thus the iterations for the x starts from 1 to rows - 1. // Originally, y iterates 0 to cols - 1. However, y will be iterated by 1 to cols because tiles have been added. // There are two ys for the robot1 and robot2. Thus, DP for the current position is DP[i][y1][y2] and it will be accumulated by previous one. // Because DP solution is optimal, so the maximum value should be found before accumulated. To do this, there are 9 ways by considering the robots move. // When it gets the maximum value of previous one, the number of cherry should be appened. But if y1 and y2 are the same position, only a sole value should be accumulated. Or, both value should be. // The answer can be got on the last rows of DP, thus comparing each element should be done. func cherryPickup(grid [][]int) int { rows, cols := len(grid), len(grid) dp := make([][][]int, rows) for i := 0; i < rows; i++ { dp[i] = make([][]int, cols+2) for j := 0; j < cols+2; j++ { dp[i][j] = make([]int, cols+2) for k := 0; k < cols+2; k++ { dp[i][j][k] = -1 } } } dp[cols] = grid + grid[cols-1] answer := 0 for i := 1; i < rows; i++ { for r1 := 1; r1 < cols+1; r1++ { for r2 := 1; r2 < cols+1; r2++ { dp[i][r1][r2] = max( dp[i-1][r1-1][r2-1], dp[i-1][r1-1][r2], dp[i-1][r1-1][r2+1], dp[i-1][r1][r2-1], dp[i-1][r1][r2], dp[i-1][r1][r2+1], dp[i-1][r1+1][r2-1], dp[i-1][r1+1][r2], dp[i-1][r1+1][r2+1], ) if dp[i][r1][r2] == -1 { continue } else { if r1 == r2 { dp[i][r1][r2] += grid[i][r1-1] } else { dp[i][r1][r2] += grid[i][r1-1] + grid[i][r2-1] } if i == rows-1 { answer = max(answer, dp[i][r1][r2]) } } } } } return answer }
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